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  1. Content type: Review

    Creatine supplementation has been found to significantly increase muscle strength and hypertrophy in young adults (≤ 35 yr) particularly when consumed in conjunction with a resistance training regime. Literatu...

    Authors: Vincent J Dalbo, Michael D Roberts, Chris M Lockwood, Patrick S Tucker, Richard B Kreider and Chad M Kerksick

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:6

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  2. Content type: Research

    31P magnetic resonance spectroscopy (31P MRS) has been used to measure intramuscular magnesium concentrations and muscle metabolism. Abnormal intramuscular magnesium has been reported in several patient populatio...

    Authors: Kevin K McCully, Tiffany N Turner, Jason Langley and Qun Zhao

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:5

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  3. Content type: Research

    We have developed an exercise machine prototype for increasing exercise intensity by means of passively exercising lower limb muscles. The purpose of the present study was to compare the passive exercise inten...

    Authors: Kohsuke Shimomura, Norio Murase, Takuya Osada, Ryotaro Kime, Mikiko Anjo, Kazuki Esaki, Kiyoshi Shiroishi, Takafumi Hamaoka and Toshihito Katsumura

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:4

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  4. Content type: Research

    Assessments of stair climbing in real-life situations using an optical tracking system are lacking, as it is difficult to adapt the system for use in and around full flights of stairs. Alternatively, a portabl...

    Authors: Jeroen HM Bergmann, Ruth E Mayagoitia and Ian CH Smith

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:3

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  5. Content type: Research

    This study aimed to compare the trapezius muscle blood volume and oxygenation in the stimulation region and in a distant region in the same muscle during acupuncture stimulation (AS). We hypothesized that AS p...

    Authors: Masaki Ohkubo, Takafumi Hamaoka, Masatugu Niwayama, Norio Murase, Takuya Osada, Ryotaro Kime, Yuko Kurosawa, Ayumi Sakamoto and Toshihito Katsumura

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:2

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  6. Content type: Review

    The topic of exercise-induced oxidative stress has received considerable attention in recent years, with close to 300 original investigations published since the early work of Dillard and colleagues in 1978. S...

    Authors: Kelsey Fisher-Wellman and Richard J Bloomer

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2009 8:1

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  7. Content type: Research

    Gait-lines, or the co-ordinates of the progression of the point of application of the vertical ground reaction force, are a commonly reported parameter in most in-sole measuring systems. However, little is kno...

    Authors: Piotr Jeleń, Andrzej Wit, Krzysztof Dudziński and Lee Nolan

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:17

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  8. Content type: Research

    This study evaluated whether the changes in several anthropometric and functional measures during caloric restriction combined with walking and treadmill exercise would fit a simple model of approach to steady...

    Authors: James L Hargrove, Grete Heinz and Otto Heinz

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:16

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  9. Content type: Research

    The use of surface electromyography has been accepted as a valid, non-invasive measure of neuromuscular fatigue. In particular, the electromyographic fatigue threshold test (EMGFT) is a reliable submaximal tool t...

    Authors: Jennifer L Graef, Abbie E Smith, Kristina L Kendall, Ashley A Walter, Jordan R Moon, Christopher M Lockwood, Travis W Beck, Joel T Cramer and Jeffrey R Stout

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:15

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  10. Content type: Research

    Phase angle (PhA) is derived from the resistance and reactance measurements obtained from bioelectric impedance analysis (BIA) and is considered indicative of cellular health and membrane integrity. This study...

    Authors: Simon M Gunn, Julie A Halbert, Lynne C Giles, Jacqueline M Stepien, Michelle D Miller and Maria Crotty

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:14

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  11. Content type: Research

    It is currently unclear whether reductions in adiposity mediate the improvements in vascular health that occur with aerobic exercise. The purpose of this longitudinal study of 13 healthy women (33 ± 4 years ol...

    Authors: Manning J Sabatier, Earl H Schwark, Richard Lewis, Gloria Sloan, Joseph Cannon and Kevin McCully

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:13

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  12. Content type: Research

    Compared to the design of a traditional multi-radius (MR) total knee arthroplasty (TKA), the single-radius (SR) implant investigated has a fixed flexion/extension center of rotation. The biomechanical effectiv...

    Authors: He Wang, Kathy J Simpson, Samatchai Chamnongkich, Tracy Kinsey and Ormonde M Mahoney

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:12

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  13. Content type: Research

    It is well known that hypoxic exercise in healthy individuals increases limb blood flow, leg oxygen extraction and limb vascular conductance during knee extension exercise. However, the effect of hypoxia on ca...

    Authors: Michael D Kennedy, Darren ER Warburton, Carol A Boliek, Ben TA Esch, Jessica M Scott and Mark J Haykowsky

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:11

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  14. Content type: Research

    It is known that physical activity during growth has a positive influence on bone mineral accrual, and is thus possibly one strategy to prevent osteoporosis. However, as bone geometry, independent of areal bon...

    Authors: Gayani Alwis, Christian Linden, Susanna Stenevi-Lundgren, Henrik G Ahlborg, Magnus Dencker, Jack Besjakov, Per Gardsell and Magnus K Karlsson

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:8

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  15. Content type: Research

    Methods used to estimate percent body fat can be classified as a laboratory or field technique. However, the validity of these methods compared to multiple-compartment models has not been fully established. Th...

    Authors: Jordan R Moon, Sarah E Tobkin, Abbie E Smith, Michael D Roberts, Eric D Ryan, Vincent J Dalbo, Chris M Lockwood, Ashley A Walter, Joel T Cramer, Travis W Beck and Jeffrey R Stout

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:7

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  16. Content type: Research

    ME/CFS is characterized by debilitating fatigue in addition to other physical and cognitive symptoms. It is estimated to affect over 800,000 adults in the U.S. ME/CFS often results in diminished functionality ...

    Authors: Leonard A Jason, Mary C Benton, Lisa Valentine, Abra Johnson and Susan Torres-Harding

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:6

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  17. Content type: Research

    Metabolic syndrome (MS) is a clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors that identifies individuals with the highest risk for heart disease. Two factors that may influence the MS are physical activity a...

    Authors: Robert G McMurray, Shrikant I Bangdiwala, Joanne S Harrell and Leila D Amorim

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:5

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  18. Content type: Research

    To determine (1) whether obese older adults had higher prevalence of falls and ambulatory stumbling, impaired balance and lower health-related quality of life (HRQL) than their normal weight counterparts, and ...

    Authors: Cecilie Fjeldstad, Anette S Fjeldstad, Luke S Acree, Kevin J Nickel and Andrew W Gardner

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:4

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  19. Content type: Research

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether endurance and strength hand grip exercises during 3-week upper limb immobilization preserve muscle oxidative capacity, endurance performance and strength.

    Authors: Mika Matsumura, Chihoko Ueda, Kiyoshi Shiroishi, Kazuki Esaki, Fumiko Ohmori, Kuniko Yamaguchi, Shiro Ichimura, Yuko Kurosawa, Ryotaro Kime, Takuya Osada, Norio Murase, Toshihito Katsumura, Akinori Hoshika and Takafumi Hamaoka

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2008 7:1

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  20. Content type: Research

    The maximum post exercise blood lactate concentration (BLCmax) has been positively correlated with maximal short-term exercise (MSE) performance. However, the moment when BLCmax occurs (TBLCmax) is rather unpredi...

    Authors: Ralph Beneke, Masen D Jumah and Renate M Leithäuser

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:10

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  21. Content type: Review

    The availability of age-matched normative data is an essential component of clinical gait analyses. Comparison of normative gait databases is difficult due to the high-dimensionality and temporal nature of the...

    Authors: Victoria L Chester, Maureen Tingley and Edmund N Biden

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:8

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  22. Content type: Research

    Intestinal failure is the outcome of a number of gastrointestinal diseases and characterized by significant reduction in functional gut mass. If not resolved patients often face long-term nutritional support. ...

    Authors: Michael Staun, Xavier Hebuterne, Jon Shaffer, Kent V Haderslev, Frederico Bozzetti, Marek Pertkiewicz, Ann Micklewright, Jose Moreno, Paul Thul and Loris Pironi

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:7

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  23. Content type: Research

    Chronic fatigue syndrome (CFS), multiple chemical sensitivity (MCS), and fibromyalgia (FM) commonly co-occur. Some propose that CFS, MCS, and FM are manifestations of the same illness based on high rates of co...

    Authors: Molly M Brown and Leonard A Jason

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:6

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    The Erratum to this article has been published in Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:9

  24. Content type: Research

    To determine whether differences in vascular reactivity existed among normal weight, overweight, and obese older men and women, and to examine the association between abdominal fat distribution and vascular re...

    Authors: Luke S Acree, Philip C Comp, Thomas L Whitsett, Polly S Montgomery, Kevin J Nickel, Anette S Fjeldstad, Cecilie Fjeldstad and Andrew W Gardner

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:4

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  25. Content type: Research

    Previous research indicates that venous emptying serves as a stimulus for vasodilation in the human forearm. This suggests the importance of recognizing the potential influence of venous volume on reactive hyp...

    Authors: Zeki Bahadir, Eric Tisdell, Arturo A Arce Esquivel, Devon A Dobrosielski and Michael A Welsch

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:3

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  26. Content type: Research

    Patients with chronic fatigue syndrome and those with orthostatic intolerance share many symptoms, yet questions exist as to whether CFS patients have physiological evidence of orthostatic intolerance.

    Authors: Benjamin H Natelson, Roxann Intriligator, Neil S Cherniack, Helena K Chandler and Julian M Stewart

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2007 6:2

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  27. Content type: Research

    Oxygen cost of different muscle actions may be influenced by different recruitment and rate coding strategies. The purpose of this study was to account for these strategies by comparing the oxygen cost of dyna...

    Authors: Christopher P Elder, Edward T Mahoney, Christopher D Black, Jill M Slade and Gary A Dudley

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2006 5:9

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  28. Content type: Research

    Near infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) is used to assess muscle oxygenation (MO) within skeletal muscle at rest and during aerobic exercise. Previous investigations have used a single probe placement to measure MO ...

    Authors: Michael D Kennedy, Mark J Haykowsky, Carol A Boliek, Ben TA Esch, Jessica M Scott and Darren ER Warburton

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2006 5:8

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  29. Content type: Research

    This article introduces a novel method to continuously monitor regional muscle blood flow by using Near Infrared Spectroscopy (NIRS). We demonstrate the feasibility of the new method in two ways: (1) by applyi...

    Authors: Shoko Nioka, Ryotaro Kime, Ulas Sunar, Joohee Im, Meltem Izzetoglu, Jun Zhang, Burak Alacam and Britton Chance

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2006 5:5

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  30. Content type: Research

    The purpose was to examine the temporal response of the brachial artery diameter following 5 minutes of forearm occlusion in young men. A secondary objective was to compare the main features of the temporal pa...

    Authors: Devon A Dobrosielski, Arturo A Arce, Jason D Allen, Robert H Wood and Michael A Welsch

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2006 5:4

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  31. Content type: Research

    Many musculoskeltal injuries in the workplace have been attributed to the repetitive loading of muscle and soft tissues. It is not disputed that muscular fatigue is a risk factor for musculoskeltal injury, how...

    Authors: WJ Albert, AT Wrigley, RB McLean and GG Sleivert

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2006 5:2

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  32. Content type: Research

    The increase in cytosolic free Mg2+ occurring during exercise and initial recovery in human skeletal muscle is matched by a decrease in cytosolic pH as shown by in vivo phosphorus magnetic resonance spectroscopy ...

    Authors: Emil Malucelli, Raffaele Lodi, Andrea Martinuzzi, Caterina Tonon, Bruno Barbiroli and Stefano Iotti

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2005 4:7

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  33. Content type: Research

    The addition of Swiss balls to conventional exercise programs has recently been adopted. Swiss balls are an unstable surface which may result in an increased need for force output from trunk muscles to provide...

    Authors: Gregory J Lehman, Trish Gordon, Jo Langley, Patricia Pemrose and Sara Tregaskis

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2005 4:6

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  34. Content type: Commentary

    Biological effects of magnetic field and their safety criteria, especially effects of gradient magnetic field on the cerebral and pulmonary circulation during functional brain mapping are still unclear. Here w...

    Authors: Akitoshi Seiyama, Junji Seki, Mari Iwamoto and Toshio Yanagida

    Citation: Dynamic Medicine 2005 4:5

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