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Table 1 Baseline and 7 yr follow-up characteristics (mean ± SD) of the participants presented by the presence or absence of the metabolic syndrome (MS) as adolescents

From: Adolescents with metabolic syndrome have a history of low aerobic fitness and physical activity levels

  Baseline Seven Years Later
  No MS MS No MS MS
Age (y) 8.6 ± 0.8 8.7 ± 0.7 15.2 ± 0.7 15.1 ± 0.7
Height (cm) 135 ± 6 136 ± 6 168 ± 5 170 ± 8
Body Mass (kg) 32.3 ± 7.2 35.7 ± 6.2 63.7 ± 12.9 83.9 ± 12.9**
BMI (kg/m2) 17.6 ± 2.8 19.3 ± 2.0* 22.4 ± 3.9 29.0 ± 4.3**
Body Fat (%) 20.4 ± 7.4 26.0 ± 7.8* 24.5 ± 9.3* 36.6 ± 9.8*
BPsys (mmHg) 103 ± 10 108 ± 10* 114 ± 9 127 ± 10**
BPdia (mmHg) 67 ± 8 68 ± 9 68 ± 9 75 ± 11
Chol (mmol/L) 4.18 ± 0.75 4.60 ± 0.91* 3.77 ± 0.64 4.48 ± 0.78**
PA Score 67 ± 29 49 ± 20* 156 ± 69 122 ± 48**
VO2max (ml/kg/min) 44.3 ± 9.0 35.8 ± 11.6* 38.9 ± 10.2 29.7 ± 10.4**
VO2max (ml/kgFFM/min) 55.4 ± 9.7 48.4 ± 14.5 51.2 ± 10.1 46.9 ± 10.4
HDL-C (mmol/L) ---- ---- 1.23 ± 0.26 1.01 ± 0.20**
Trig (mmol/L) ---- ---- 0.86 ± 0.46 1.57 ± 0.7**
Glucose (mmol/L) ---- ---- 4.77 ± 0.42 5.14 ± 0.67**
  1. * p < 0.04 MS vs. No MS at Baseline
  2. ** p < 0.002 MS vs. No MS at seven-years follow-up