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Table 3 Results of relative muscle metabolic rate by exercise forms

From: A study of passive weight-bearing lower limb exercise effects on local muscles and whole body oxidative metabolism: a comparison with simulated horse riding, bicycle, and walking exercise

  Intensity Rectus femoris Gastrocnemius
Passive weight-bearing lower limb exercise 0.8 Hz 2.13 ± 0.15** 1.13 ± 0.03
  1.2 Hz 2.78 ± 0.19*** 1.32 ± 0.06
  1.6 Hz 4.05 ± 0.41*** 1.74 ± 0.10*
mulated horse riding exercise 0.8 Hz 1.26 ± 0.07 1.10 ± 0.04
  1.2 Hz 1.57 ± 0.09 1.13 ± 0.10
  1.4 Hz 1.80 ± 0.18 1.23 ± 0.11
Bicycle exercise 20 watts 1.72 ± 0.13 1.50 ± 0.09
  40 watts 2.26 ± 0.21 2.03 ± 0.29
  60 watts 3.09 ± 0.29 2.60 ± 0.34
  80 watts 4.12 ± 0.37# 3.03 ± 0.39
Walking exercise 2 km/h 1.60 ± 0.42 2.71 ± 0.38
  3 km/h 2.03 ± 0.44 3.61 ± 0.39
  4 km/h 2.66 ± 0.42 4.30 ± 0.32
  5 km/h 3.35 ± 0.56 4.93 ± 0.48
  6 km/h 4.14 ± 0.78# 5.97 ± 0.44
(Mean ± SE)
(Unit: fold of resting)
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***p < 0.001 simulated horse riding exercise (SHRE) vs passive weight-bearing lower limb exercise (PWLLE)(0.8 Hz vs 0.8 Hz, 1.2 Hz vs 1.2 Hz, 1.4 Hz vs 1.6 Hz)
  2. # The nearest value of PWLLE (1.6 Hz) at rectus femoris