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Table 1 Heart rate (HR), systolic blood pressure (SBP), and oxygen uptake () for each form of exercise

From: A study of passive weight-bearing lower limb exercise effects on local muscles and whole body oxidative metabolism: a comparison with simulated horse riding, bicycle, and walking exercise

  Intensity HR (bpm) SBP (mmHg) (ml/kg/min)
Passive weight-bearing lower limb exercise 0.8 Hz 74.0 ± 2.88 135.5 ± 3.01 6.43 ± 0.29***
  1.2 Hz 77.4 ± 2.74 135.8 ± 3.99 8.04 ± 0.54***
  1.6 Hz 83.6 ± 3.12 141.6 ± 4.20 9.97 ± 0.80***
Simulated horse riding exercise 0.8 Hz 72.6 ± 5.20 131.0 ± 3.21 5.10 ± 0.28
  1.2 Hz 75.5 ± 4.84 131.7 ± 3.31 5.90 ± 0.29
  1.4 Hz 76.2 ± 4.73 135.7 ± 2.86 6.92 ± 0.33
Bicycle exercise 20 watts 81.0 ± 4.31 126.1 ± 5.05 9.85 ± 0.35 #
  40 watts 88.3 ± 4.17 129.7 ± 5.68 12.3 ± 0.34
  60 watts 95.6 ± 4.22 134.0 ± 5.85 15.6 ± 0.61
  80 watts 103.6 ± 4.56 138.8 ± 6.17 19.3 ± 0.61
Walking exercise 2 km/h 79.2 ± 3.47 135.2 ± 4.86 9.60 ± 0.34 #
  3 km/h 82.9 ± 3.11 136.7 ± 4.58 11.1 ± 0.38
  4 km/h 88.0 ± 2.98 138.5 ± 5.58 13.2 ± 0.50
  5 km/h 95.2 ± 2.96 144.7 ± 6.44 16.5 ± 0.73
  6 km/h 104.7 ± 3.52 148.3 ± 7.11 20.8 ± 0.70
     (Mean ± SE)
  1. *P < 0.05, **P < 0.01, ***p < 0.001, simulated horse riding exercise (SHRE) vs passive weigt-bearing lower limb exercise (PWLLE) (0.8 Hz vs 0.8 Hz, 1.2 Hz vs 1.2 Hz, 1.4 Hz vs 1.6 Hz)
  2. #The nearest of PWLLE (1.6 Hz)