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Table 2 Hemodynamics, Heart Rate Variability, Strength and Circumference before and after 4-week handgrip exercise training

From: Regional changes in reactive hyperemic blood flow during exercise training: time-course adaptations

Variable Visit 1 (Pre Training) Visit 5 (End Training)
HR (bpm) 58.2 ± 6.6 57.5 ± 3.8
SBP (mmHg) 112.6 ± 9.9 111.1 ± 8.7
DBP (mmHg) 60.7 ± 7.8 59.7 ± 7.4
MAP (mmHg) 78.0 ± 33.4 76.8 ± 28.9
SDNN (ms) 73.4 ± 16.9 79.6 ± 16.5
LF power 36.9 ± 5.4 37.2 ± 5.8
HF power 63.1 ± 5.4 62.8 ± 5.8
Control handgrip strength (kg) 40.6 ± 12.0 42.8 ± 3.2
Trained handgrip strength (kg) 36.1 ± 8.7 41.3 ± 1.7*
Control arm circumference (cm) 26.3 ± 2.1 26.5 ± 2.1
Trained arm circumference (cm) 25.6 ± 2.5 26.0 ± 2.1*
  1. Values are mean ± SD. * = p < 0.05 vs. visit 1
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